Historical Figures

Iconic female pilot Amelia Earhart, the trailblazer of voyages Christopher Columbus. brilliant scientist Albert Einstein, and pioneer of computer programming Grace Hopper. These renowned historical figures made remarkable discoveries as part of their lifework in their areas of expertise.

Come learn fun facts about these amazing pioneers!

Amelia Earhart

Occupation: Aviator

Born: July 24, 1897 in Atchison, Kansas 

Died: She disappeared on July 2, 1937 over the Pacific Ocean. She was declared dead on January 5, 1939

Best known for: Being the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean

Amelia Earhart, fondly known as “Lady Lindy,” was an American aviator who mysteriously disappeared in 1937 while trying to circumnavigate the globe from the equator. Earhart was the 16th woman to be issued a pilot’s license. She had several notable flights, including becoming the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean in 1928, as well as the first person to fly over both the Atlantic and Pacific.


Christopher Columbus

Occupation: Explorer

Born: 1451 in Genoa, Italy

Died: May 20, 1506

Best known for: Discovering America

Famed Italian explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the ‘New World’ of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand of Spain in 1492. Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and navigator. In 1492, he sailed across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Niña ships alongside, hoping to find a new route to India. Between 1492 and 1504, he made a total of four voyages to the Caribbean and South America and has been credited – and blamed – for opening up the Americas to European colonisation.


Albert Einstein

Occupation: Scientist and Inventor

Born: March 14,1879 Ulm, in Germany

Died: 18 April 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey

Best known for: Theory of Relativity and E=mc2

Albert Einstein was a German mathematician and physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity. In 1921, he won the Nobel Prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. In the following decade, he immigrated to the U.S. after being targeted by the German Nazi Party. His work also had a major impact on the development of atomic energy. In his later years, Einstein focused on unified field theory. With his passion for inquiry, Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century.


Grace Hopper

Occupation: Computer Scientist

Born: December 9, 1906 in New York, U.S.

Died: January 1, 1992 in Arlington, Virginia

Best known for: inventor of the first human language-computer code compiler

Grace Hopper joined the U.S. Navy during World War II and was assigned to programme the Mark I computer. She continued to work in computing after the war, leading the team that created the first computer language compiler, which led to the popular COBOL (Common Business-Oriented Language) language. She resumed active naval service at the age of 60, becoming a rear admiral before retiring in 1986.


References:
https://www.biography.com/explorer/amelia-earhart | https://www.biography.com/explorer/christopher-columbus | https://www.biography.com/scientist/albert-einstein | https://www.biography.com/scientist/grace-hopper